E-Leadership and Virtual Teams

Cascio, Wayne F.; Shurygailo, Stan
January 2003
Organizational Dynamics;Jan2003, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p362
Academic Journal
The article categorizes types of virtual teams and identifies each type's associated issues in order to layout a typology for leadership challenges. Statistics on the number of virtual teams operating at any given time are unavailable. On the other hand, the number of teleworkers, many of whom are also members of virtual teams, has been growing rapidly. Fully one in five U.S. employees, nearly 30 million people, currently participates in some form of teleworking arrangement at home, on the road, in telework centers, or in satellite offices. The typical teleworker works at least one full day per week away from the traditional office, lives in the Northeast or western United States, has a college education, is 35 to 44 years of age, and is married. Such arrangements are found most often either at very small or very large companies. Teleworkers often hold managerial or sales positions and earn $40,000 or more annually. Worldwide, by the end of 2003 it is estimated that 137 million workers will telework at least on a part-time basis. Survey results indicate that employees want more opportunities to telework, and that their top priority is to gain the flexibility to control their own time.


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