Spin lifetimes of electrons injected into GaAs and GaN

Krishnamurthya, Srinivasan; van Schilfgaarde, Mark; Newman, Nathan
September 2003
Applied Physics Letters;9/1/2003, Vol. 83 Issue 9, p1761
Academic Journal
The spin relaxation times of electrons in GaAs and GaN are determined with a model that includes momentum scattering by phonons and ionized impurities, and spin scattering by the Elliot–Yafet, D’yakonov–Perel, and Bir–Aronov–Pikus mechanisms. Accurate bands generated using a long-range tight-binding Hamiltonian obtained from empirical pseudopotentials are used. The inferred temperature dependence of the spin relaxation lifetime agrees well with measured values in GaAs. We further show that the spin lifetimes decrease rapidly with injected electron energy and reach a local maximum at the longitudinal optical phonon energy. Our calculation predicts that electron spin lifetime in pure GaN is about three orders of magnitude longer than in GaAs at all temperatures, primarily as a result of the lower spin-orbit interaction and higher conduction band density of states. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.


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