TITLE

Effect of two breathing exercises (Buteyko and pranayama) in asthma: a randomised controlled trial

AUTHOR(S)
Cooper S; Oborne J; Newton S; Harrison V; Thompson Coon J; Lewis S; Tattersfield A
PUB. DATE
August 2003
SOURCE
Thorax;Aug2003, Vol. 58 Issue 8, p674
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: Patients with asthma are interested in the use of breathing exercises but their role is uncertain. The effects of the Buteyko breathing technique, a device which mimics pranayama (a yoga breathing technique), and a dummy pranayama device on bronchial responsiveness and symptoms were compared over 6 months in a parallel group study. METHODS: Ninety patients with asthma taking an inhaled corticosteroid were randomised after a 2 week run in period to Eucapnic Buteyko breathing, use of a Pink City Lung Exerciser (PCLE) to mimic pranayama, or a PCLE placebo device. Subjects practised the techniques at home twice daily for 6 months followed by an optional steroid reduction phase. Primary outcome measures were symptom scores and change in the dose of methacholine provoking a 20% fall in FEV(1) (PD(20)) during the first 6 months. RESULTS: Sixty nine patients (78%) completed the study. There was no significant difference in PD(20) between the three groups at 3 or 6 months. Symptoms remained relatively stable in the PCLE and placebo groups but were reduced in the Buteyko group. Median change in symptom scores at 6 months was 0 (interquartile range -1 to 1) in the placebo group, -1 (-2 to 0.75) in the PCLE group, and -3 (-4 to 0) in the Buteyko group (p=0.003 for difference between groups). Bronchodilator use was reduced in the Buteyko group by two puffs/day at 6 months; there was no change in the other two groups (p=0.005). No difference was seen between the groups in FEV(1), exacerbations, or ability to reduce inhaled corticosteroids. CONCLUSION: The Buteyko breathing technique can improve symptoms and reduce bronchodilator use but does not appear to change bronchial responsiveness or lung function in patients with asthma. No benefit was shown for the Pink City Lung Exerciser.
ACCESSION #
10631609

 

Related Articles

  • Breathing therapies and bronchodilator use in asthma. Bruton, A.; Thomas, M. // Thorax;Aug2006, Vol. 61 Issue 8, p643 

    The author reflects on the breathing exercises in asthma. Treatments involving manipulation of breathing are commonly used although the evidence base for their effectiveness is weak. In a double blind study, it has been compared the effects of breathing exercises learned from instructional...

  • Asthma.  // Current Medical Literature: Respiratory Medicine;2009, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p16 

    The article presents research related to asthma which were published in various medical journals. They include "Breathing Exercises for Asthma: A Randomised Controlled Trial," by M. Thomas et al., in the 2009 issue of "Thorax," "Treatment of Asthma During Pregnancy: More Solid Evidence Needed,"...

  • Buteyko exercises can help asthma sufferers.  // Practice Nurse;8/15/2003, Vol. 26 Issue 3, p12 

    Discusses the role of Buteyko breathing exercises in the improvement of asthma symptoms. Background on the development of the Buteyko breathing exercises; Costs of a Buteyko breathing course; Improvements observed on asthmatics who practice Buteyko.

  • Breathing training helps ease asthma.  // Pulse;7/5/2007, Vol. 67 Issue 26, p14 

    The article reports that a breathing technique developed in the 1960s can help ease asthma symptoms. In the controlled trial of the Papworth technique, 85 people with mild asthma were randomly assigned to five sessions with sequence breathing and relaxation exercises. The researchers found that...

  • Double blind randomised controlled trial of two different breathing techniques in the management of asthma. Slader, C. A.; Reddel, H. K.; Spencer, L. M.; Belousova, E. G.; Armour, C. L.; Bosnic-Anticevich, S. Z.; Thien, F. C. K.; Jenkins, C. R. // Thorax;Aug2006, Vol. 61 Issue 8, p651 

    Background: Previous studies have shown that breathing techniques reduce short acting β2 agonist use and improve quality of life (QoL) in asthma. The primary aim of this double blind study was to compare the effects of breathing exercises focusing on shallow nasal breathing with those of...

  • Buteyko Treatment for Asthma. Brindley, Janet // Positive Health;Oct2004, Issue 104, p40 

    Focuses on the use of Buteyko treatment in treating asthma. Historical background of the treatment; Concept of Buteyko treatment; Procedure of Buteyko treatment.

  • Ways to breathe easier: How to recognize and treat ailments that can affect your lungs.  // Consumer Reports on Health;Nov2011, Vol. 23 Issue 11, p1 

    The article focuses on several ailments that can affect lung function, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and anxiety. It states that asthma can occur at any age, describes it as an inflammation of the tubes that carry air into and out of the lungs, and suggests the...

  • Breathing training leads to improved asthma-specific health status.  // Australian Journal of Pharmacy;Jan2010, Vol. 91 Issue 1076, p62 

    The article discusses the result of a study which examines whether breathing training would improve asthma health status and asthma control. The study uses patients with asthma and impaired health status managed in primary care. The results suggest that breathing exercises may help patients with...

  • Breathing exercises: Decrease anxiety, strengthen lungs.  // Consumer Reports on Health;Feb2007, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p5 

    The article discusses the significance of breathing exercises in overcoming lung problems caused by asthma or emphysema. The breathing exercises also help one in decreasing anxiety and lowering blood pressure. Besides, they boost exercise capacity of people. Belly breathing helps in reducing...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sign out of this library

Other Topics