Three-dimensional nanolithography using proton beam writing

van Kan, J.A.; Bettiol, A.A.; Watt, F.
August 2003
Applied Physics Letters;8/25/2003, Vol. 83 Issue 8, p1629
Academic Journal
We report the utilization of a focused mega-electron-volt (MeV) proton beam to write accurate high-aspect-ratio structures at sub-100 nm dimensions. Typically, a MeV proton beam is focused to a sub-100 nm spot size and scanned over a suitable resist material. When the proton beam interacts with matter it follows an almost straight path. The secondary electrons induced by the primary proton beam have low energy and therefore limited range, resulting in minimal proximity effects. These features enable smooth three-dimensional structures to be direct written into resist materials. Initial tests have shown this technique capable of writing high aspect ratio walls of 30 nm width with sub-3 nm edge smoothness. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.


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