Collaborative Referencing Between Individuals With Aphasia and Routine Communication Partners

Hengst, Julie A.
August 2003
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2003, Vol. 46 Issue 4, p831
Academic Journal
H. H. Clark (1992) argues that successful referencing depends on speakers and listeners working together to establish shared perspectives on target objects. In his collaborative referencing model, he identifies 3 phases in the referencing process: initiation, refashioning, and acceptance. For referencing tasks, successful collaboration can be seen in the streamlining of referencing expressions and in the decrease of overt collaborative effort across trials. Although previous studies have shown that speakers with aphasia can be successful on referencing tasks, they have not examined how that success is achieved through the collaborative work of the partners. Using a referencing task adapted from H. H. Clark and D. Wilkes-Gibbs (1986), this study examined how 4 adults with moderate-to-severe aphasia collaborated with routine communication partners (spouses or children). Overall, these pairs completed the referencing task trials with 96% accuracy and displayed referencing processes that generally conformed to Clark's collaborative referencing model. Close analysis of the discourse of these interactions revealed patterns of collaboration that went beyond Clark's model--the pairs used diverse verbal and nonverbal resources, actively negotiated the task across trials, and layered their own personal goals and perspectives onto these interactions. This study highlights the plasticity of functional communication (the diversity of ways the pairs worked together to complete the same task) and points to the importance of understanding processes of tacit learning that take place in social interactions.


Related Articles

  • The Role of Semantic Complexity in Treatment of Naming Deficits: Training Semantic Categories in Fluent Aphasia by Controlling Exemplar Typicality. Kiran, Swathi; Thompson, Cynthia K. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Jun2003, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p608 

    The effect of typicality of category exemplars on naming was investigated using a single subject experimental design across participants and behaviors in 4 patients with fluent aphasia. Participants received a semantic feature treatment to improve naming of either typical or atypical items...

  • Nonparallel recovery in bilingual aphasia: Effects of language choice, language proficiency, and treatment. Mali Gil; Mira Goral // International Journal of Bilingualism;Jun2004, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p191 

    We describe a 57-year-old Russian-Hebrew bilingual aphasic patient who received speech-language therapy in his second language (Hebrew) in the first three-and-a-half months post onset and then in his first language (Russian) for an additional month and a half. He was first diagnosed with...

  • Assessing Acquired Language Disorders in Adults via the Internet. Deborah Theodoros; Anne Hill; Trevor Russell; Elizabeth Ward; Richard Wootton // Telemedicine & e-Health;Aug2008, Vol. 14 Issue 6, p552 

    This study evaluated the validity and reliability of assessing aphasia using standard language assessments via an Internet-based videoconferencing system at a bandwidth of 128 Kbps. Thirty-two patients with aphasia from stroke or TBI were assessed by face-to-face or online-led environments....

  • A distinct clinical, neuropsychological and radiological phenotype is associated with progranulin gene mutations in a large UK series. Jonathan Beck; Jonathan D. Rohrer; Tracy Campbell; Adrian Isaacs; Karen E. Morrison; Emily F. Goodall; Elizabeth K. Warrington; John Stevens; Tamas Revesz; Janice Holton; Safa Al-Sarraj; Andrew King; Rachael Scahill; Jason D. Warren; Nick C. Fox; Martin N. Rossor; John Collinge; Simon Mead // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;Mar2008, Vol. 131 Issue 3, p706 

    Mutations in the progranulin gene (GRN) are a major cause of frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive, tau-negative inclusions (FTLD-U) but the distinguishing clinical and anatomical features of this subgroup remain unclear. In a large UK cohort we found five different...

  • The Aphasia Quotient: The Taxonomic Approach to Measurement of Aphasic Disability. Kertesz, Andrew; Poole, Elizabeth // Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences;May2004, Vol. 31 Issue 2, p175 

    Discusses results of a study examining the effectiveness of using a taxonomic approach to measuring aphasic disability. Disease background; Western Aphasia Battery test; Patient demographics; Comprehension; Repetition of words; Naming of visually presented objects; Incidence of anomic or...

  • Foreign accent syndrome as the initial sign of primary progressive aphasia. Luzzi, S.; Viticchi, G.; Piccirilli, M.; Fabi, K.; Pesallaccia, M.; Bartolini, M.; Provinciali, L.; Snowden, J. S. // Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry;Jan2008, Vol. 79 Issue 1, p79 

    Foreign accent syndrome (FAS) is a rare speech disorder characterised by the emergence of a new accent, perceived by listeners as foreign. FAS has usually been described following focal brain insults, such as stroke. We describe the unusual case of a woman presenting with FAS as the earliest...

  • PRAGMATICS IN APHASIA: CROSSLINGUISTIC EVIDENCE. Wulfeck, Beverly; Bates, Elizabeth; Juarez, Larry; Opie, Meiti; Friederici, Angela; MacWhinney, Brian; Zurif, EDgar // Language & Speech;Oct-Dec89, Vol. 32 Issue 4, p315 

    This article cites a study that investigates the generality of an aphasic phenomenon across patients and language types. Previous research suggests that aphasics retain sensitivity to pragmatic factors governing forms of reference, in particular, the ability to choose lexical expressions that...

  • Test-retest reliability of fMRI during nonverbal semantic decisions in moderate-severe nonfluent aphasia patients. Kurland, Jacquie; Naeser, Margaret A.; Baker, Errol H.; Doron, Karl; Martin, Paula I.; Seekins, Heidi E.; Bogdan, Andrew; Renshaw, Perry; Yurgelun-Todd, Deborah // Behavioural Neurology;2004, Vol. 15 Issue 3/4, p87 

    Cortical reorganization in poststroke aphasia is not well understood. Few studies have investigated neural mechanisms underlying language recovery in severe aphasia patients, who are typically viewed as having a poor prognosis for language recovery. Although test-retest reliability is routinely...

  • Linguistic deficits in the acute phase of stroke. Doesborgh, S. J. C.; van de Sandt-Koenderman, W. M. E.; Dippel, D. W. J.; van Harskamp, F.; Koudstaal, P. J.; Visch-Brink, E. G. // Journal of Neurology;Aug2003, Vol. 250 Issue 8, p977 

    Background and Purpose. For the diagnosis of aphasia early after stroke, several screening tests are available to support clinical judgment.None of these tests enables the clinician to assess the underlying linguistic deficits, i. e. semantic, phonological and syntactic deficits, which provides...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics