Defects in m-face GaN films grown by halide vapor phase epitaxy on LiAlO[sub 2]

Vanfleet, R.R.; Simmons, J.A.; Maruska, H.P.; Hill, D.W.; Chou, M.M.C.; Chai, B.H.
August 2003
Applied Physics Letters;8/11/2003, Vol. 83 Issue 6, p1139
Academic Journal
Free-standing wafers (50 mm diameter) of GaN were grown by halide vapor phase epitaxy on lattice-matched γ-LiAlO[sub 2]. We report a transmission electron microscopy study of defects and defect densities in these wafers. The growth direction is [101_0]. Stacking faults in the basal plane are seen when viewing the specimen in the [12_10] direction with an average spacing of less than 100 nm. Convergent beam electron diffraction measurements show no switch in the polarity and thus the faults are proposed to be ABABACAC changes in the stacking. Threading dislocations are found to have a correlated arrangement with a density of 3×10[sup 8] cm[sup -2] when viewing the [12_10] direction and widely varying (depending upon location) when viewing in the [0001] direction. These dislocations act as “seeds” for postgrowth surface features that directly exhibit the correlated nature of these threading dislocations. © 2003 American Institute of Physics.


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