The Deep-Atmosphere Euler Equations in a Generalized Vertical Coordinate

Staniforth, Andrew; Wood, Nigel
August 2003
Monthly Weather Review;Aug2003 Parts 1 and 2, Vol. 131 Issue 8, p1931
Academic Journal
Previous analysis of the hydrostatic primitive equations using a generalized vertical coordinate is extended to the deep-atmosphere nonhydrostatic Euler equations, and some special vertical coordinates of interest are noted. Energy and axial angular momentum budgets are also derived. This would facilitate the development of conserving finite-difference schemes for deep-atmosphere models. It is found that the implied principles of energy and axial angular momentum conservation depend on the form of the upper boundary. In particular, for a modeled atmosphere of finite extent, global energy conservation is only obtained for a rigid lid, fixed in space and time. To additionally conserve global axial angular momentum, the height of the lid cannot vary with longitude.


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