Factors associated with smoking in immigrants from non-western to western countries -- what role does acculturation play? A systematic review

Reiss, Katharina; Lehnhardt, Jessica; Razum, Oliver
April 2015
Tobacco Induced Diseases;2015, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
Introduction: We aimed to identify factors associated with smoking among immigrants. In particular, we investigated the relationship between acculturation and smoking, taking into consideration the stage of the 'smoking epidemic' in the countries of origin and host countries of the immigrants. Methods: We searched PubMed for peer-reviewed quantitative studies. Studies were included if they focused on smoking among adult immigrants (foreign-born) from non-western countries now residing in the USA, Canada, Ireland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, the UK, and Australia. Studies were excluded if, among others, a distinction between immigrants and their (native-born) offspring was not made. Results: We retrieved 27 studies published between 1998 and 2013. 21 of the 27 studies focused on acculturation (using bidimensional multi-item scales particularly designed for the immigrant group under study and/or proxy measures such as language proficiency or length of stay in host country) and 16 of those found clear differences between men and women: whereas more acculturated women were more likely to smoke than less acculturated women, the contrary was observed among men. Conclusion: Immigrants' countries of origin and host countries have reached different stages of the 'smoking epidemic' where, in addition, smoking among women lags behind that in men. Immigrants might 'move' between the stages as (I) the (non-western) countries of origin tend to be in the early phase, (II) the (western) host countries more in the advanced phase of the epidemic and (III) the arrival in the host countries initiates the acculturation process. This could explain the 'imported' high (men)/low (women) prevalence among less acculturated immigrants. The low (men)/high (women) prevalence among more acculturated immigrants indicates an adaptation towards the social norms of the host countries with ongoing acculturation.


Related Articles

  • Bibliometric analysis of scientific publications on waterpipe (narghile, shisha, hookah) tobacco smoking during the period 2003-2012. Zyoud, Sa'ed H.; Al-Jabi, Samah W.; Sweileh, Waleed M. // Tobacco Induced Diseases;2014, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Waterpipe tobacco smoking has spread worldwide. However, the evaluation of scientific output in the field of waterpipe tobacco smoking has not been studied yet. The main objectives of this study were to analyze worldwide research output in the waterpipe tobacco smoking field, and to...

  • An inside look into the factors contributing to medication errors in the clinical nursing practice. Karavasiliadou, Savvato; Athanasakis, Efstratios // Health Science Journal;Jan-Mar2014, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p32 

    Background: Medication errors constitute a considerable concern for the patients and healthcare professionals. Therefore, in recent years there have been remarkable efforts through research papers to assess the etiology of medication errors. Aim: To review the current literature related to the...

  • Factors that Influence Immigrants' Health. Bucaj, Alkida; Panagiotia, Sourtzi; Athina, Kalokairinou; Emmanouil, Velonakis // Nursing Care & Research / Nosileia kai Ereuna;lav-att2012, Vol. 6 Issue 32, p16 

    Introduction: In the past few years many countries around the world, specifically in Europe, face a continuous influx of immigrants. Greece does not constitute exception of this phenomenon. The immigration requires adaptation and adoption of behaviors and elements from each individual in the new...

  • Cross-sectional study about primary health care professionals views on the inclusion of the vaccine against human papillomavirus in the vaccine schedules. Oliver Pérez, M. Reyes; Bravo Violeta, Victoria; Vazquez del Campo, Ana; Ruiz, Cristina; Yáñez Castaño, Sonia; Pérez Conde, Laura P.; Jiménez López, Jesús S. // Infectious Agents & Cancer;11/16/2015, Vol. 10, p1 

    Background: Although the inclusion of the HPV vaccine has been registered in Spain since 2007, vaccination rates are lower than expected. The patients wish to be vaccinated is heavily influenced by information they have received from many source. The Knowledge of primary health care...

  • Evaluation of Health Promotion Programs: The Case of Health Promoting School. Alexandropoulou, Marianthi // Nosileftiki;Jan-Mar2013, Vol. 52 Issue 1, p43 

    Background: School's contribution in public health promotion is an issue that concerns literature and needs to be explored and assessed. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of school health promotion programs. Method: A literature review in English and in Greek in the databases of Pubmed,...

  • The Economic Burden of Exposure to Secondhand Smoke for Child and Adult Never Smokers Residing in U.S. Public Housing. MASON, JACQUELYN; WHEELER, WILLIAM; BROWN, MARY JEAN // Public Health Reports;May/Jun2015, Vol. 130 Issue 3, p230 

    Objective. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that nonsmokers experience disease and death due to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure in the home. We estimated the total excess burden and costs to society due to SHS exposure in U.S. public housing. Methods. We quantified the public health...

  • The Effect of Keratinized Mucosa Width on Peri-implant Health: A Systematic Review. Gobbato, Luca; Avila-Ortiz, Gustavo; Sohrabi, Keyvan; Chin-Wei Wang; Karimbux, Nadeem // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;2013, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p1536 

    Purpose: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of keratinized mucosa width (KMW) on clinical parameters of peri-implant health and stability. Materials and Methods: Two independent reviewers conducted a comprehensive search to identify studies on human subjects...

  • SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC AND CLINIC CHARACTERISTICS AND QUALITY OF LIFE OF PEOPLE WITH WOUNDS: AN INTEGRATIVE REVIEW. Alburquerque de Almeida, Willian; Menis Ferreira, Adriano; Ivo, Maria Lucia; Rigotti, Marcelo Alessandro; Queiroz Gonçalves, Regina; Pelegrini dos Santos Pereira, Adriana // Journal of Nursing UFPE / Revista de Enfermagem UFPE;dez2014, Vol. 8 Issue 12, p4353 

    No abstract available.

  • A Systematic Review on Heart-Rate Recovery to Monitor Changes in Training Status in Athletes. Daanen, Hein A.m.; Lamberts, Robert P.; Kallen, Victor L.; Jin, Anmin; Van Meeteren, Nico L.u. // International Journal of Sports Physiology & Performance;Sep2012, Vol. 7 Issue 3, p251 

    Heart-rate recovery (HRR) has been proposed as a marker of autonomie function and training status in athletes. The authors performed a systematic review of studies that examined HRR after training. Five cross-sectional studies and 8 studies investigating changes over time (longitudinal) met our...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics