Chalak, Shivaji S.
January 2015
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy & Pharmacology;2015, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p138
Academic Journal
Background: Auditory evoked potentials (AEP) can be used to assess the integrity of auditory pathway for early hearing loss and planning rehabilitative procedures. It is noninvasive and can be performed in uncooperative and difficult-to-test children under mild sedation. Aims and Objective: To determine the hearing threshold to assess the integrity of auditory pathway in children of suspected hearing loss and to find out the importance of AEP where other screening tests cannot be performed. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital and Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Sawangi (Meghe), Wardha, Maharashtra, India. It included 80 children of suspected hearing loss in the age group of 1-12 years, referred under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan program. Brainstem auditory responses were recorded in these children using multichannel polyrite system. Silver chloride disk electrodes were used on standard scalp locations. Results: Our results showed that 40 of 80 children were having definite mild-to-severe hearing loss. In nearly 50% children hearing loss was confirmed by AEP. In remaining 40 children, brainstem electric response audiometry showed normal responses indicating normal hearing. Of 80 suspected children, 20 were either uncooperative or not fit for any other screening tests for hearing. AEP showed that of these 20 children, 12 (15% of total), were having sensorineural loss that helped them in seeking treatment. Conclusion: Our results concluded that AEP at present is one of the most useful tools for assessment of integrity of auditory pathway and detection of early hearing loss, and it can greatly contribute in its management. It can definitely be used in screening for deafness and assessing the nature of hearing loss, particularly in patients who cannot perform in the usual audiometric procedures. It can also be used to assess the maturity of central nervous system in newborn and young children.


Related Articles

  • Binaural Recordings of Auditory Brainstem Response for Establishment of Normative Data and its Application in Screening Patients with Symmetrical Hearing Loss. Chalak, Shivaji; Khatib, Nazli; Waghmare, Tripti; Deshpande, V. K. // National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy & Pharmacology;2014, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p51 

    Background: This article presents clinically important details of recording and evaluating ABR details that will eventually be helpful in standardization of our neurophysiology lab, so that ABR recordings on a routine basis will produce better and meaningful results for interpretation. Aims &...

  • Hearing screening and diagnosis in a large sample of infants in Central China. Liu, Zhiqi; Liu, Lisi // Journal of Medical Screening;Mar2013, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p21 

    The article presents a study that investigates the referral rate, prevalence and etiology of neonatal hearing loss in China. It describes the method of the study that observes 11,894 infants who were screened with a two-stage transient evoked otoacoustic emission testing. It also mentions the...

  • REVISTAS DE REVISTAS.  // Revista Chilena de Tecnología Médica;2012, Vol. 32 Issue 1, p1698 

    No abstract available.

  • Automated Auditory Brainstem Response: A Proposal for an Initial Test for Healthy Newborn Hearing Screening with a Focus on the Test Time. Konukseven, Ozlem; Dincol, Ilknur; Genc, G. Aydan // Journal of International Advanced Otology;Oct2012, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p419 

    Objective: Some researchers recommend the use of Automated Auditory Brainstem Response as an initial screening test for healthy newborns due to its lower false-positive and referral rates, high specificity, and also its' ability to diagnose auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder combination with...

  • Retrospective Analysis of Decreasing the Use of Anesthesia in Pediatric Audiology: A Preliminary Study. Padish-Clarin, Gail; Hawkins, Andrea J. // American Journal of Audiology;Dec2015, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p557 

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to analyze outcomes of processes aimed at reducing the need for use of anesthesia in evaluating pediatric hearing loss. Method: A retrospective chart review was completed to assess how often a pediatric hearing evaluation was successful/not successful and...

  • Should Tone Burst ABR be Performed at 8000 Hz for Infant Hearing Assessment? Hall III, James W. // AudiologyOnline;Nov2013, Vol. N/A Issue N/A, p1 

    The article presents the answer of James W. Hall the Third, PhD, to the question of whether 8000 Hz should be tested when performing ABR with tone burst stimuli for the purpose of hearing assessment in infants.

  • The Search for "Objective" Audiometry. Jacobson, Gary P. // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Apr2015, Vol. 26 Issue 4, preceding p331 

    The author focuses on the use of audiometry technique in patients with impaired synchronization of neural transmission. Topics include the absence of waveforms emanating from the desynchronized brainstem and the presence of peripheral nerve and cortical responses in patients with demyelinating...

  • Evaluation of Hearing Status at the Time of Dementia Diagnosis. JORGENSEN, LINDSEY; PALMER, CATHERINE; FISCHER, GARY // Audiology Today;Jan/Feb2014, Vol. 26 Issue 1, p38 

    The article presents an investigation of hearing status during the diagnosis of dementia among individuals over age of 65 in a large medical center clinic in the U.S. It lists some overlapping symptoms between dementia and untreated hearing loss. Results of this study show that hearing status is...

  • Audiological Monitoring in Children Treated with Platinum Chemotherapy. Fetoni, a.R.; Ruggiero, a.; Lucidi, D.; De Corso, E.; Sergi, B.; Conti, G.; Paludetti, G. // Audiology & Neuro-Otology;Oct2016, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p203 

    Platinum compounds constitute the standard treatment for solid tumors in pediatric oncology. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of platinum compounds in the development of ototoxicity in children following chemotherapy. This study included 160 patients treated with cisplatin and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics