TITLE

Mast cells: innate attractors recruiting protective CD8 T cells to sites of cytomegalovirus infection

AUTHOR(S)
Podlech, Jürgen; Ebert, Stefan; Becker, Marc; Reddehase, Matthias; Stassen, Michael; Lemmermann, Niels
PUB. DATE
June 2015
SOURCE
Medical Microbiology & Immunology;Jun2015, Vol. 204 Issue 3, p327
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Reactivation of latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) in the transient immunocompromised state after hematoablative treatment is a major concern in patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) as a therapy of hematopoietic malignancies. Timely reconstitution of antiviral CD8 T cells and their efficient recruitment to the lungs is crucial for preventing interstitial pneumonia, the most severe disease manifestation of CMV in HCT recipients. Here, we review recent work in a murine model, implicating mast cells (MC) in the control of pulmonary infection. Murine CMV (mCMV) productively infects MC in vivo and triggers their degranulation, resulting in the release of the CC chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5) that attracts CD8 T cells to infiltrate infected tissues. Comparing infection of MC-sufficient C57BL/6 mice and congenic MC-deficient Kit 'sash' mutants revealed an inverse relation between the number of lung-infiltrating CD8 T cells and viral burden in the lungs. Specifically, reduced lung infiltration by CD8 T cells in 'sash' mutants was associated with an impaired infection control. The causal, though indirect, involvement of MC in antiviral control was confirmed by reversion of the deficiency phenotype in 'sash' mutants reconstituted with MC. These recent findings predict that efficient MC reconstitution facilitates the control of CMV infection also in immunocompromised HCT recipients.
ACCESSION #
102778499

 

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