TITLE

Antioxidant Agents: A Future Alternative Approach in the Prevention and Treatment of Radiation-induced Oral Mucositis?

AUTHOR(S)
de Freitas Cuba, Leticia; Salum, Fernanda; Cherubini, Karen; Zancanaro de Figueiredo, Maria Antonia
PUB. DATE
March 2015
SOURCE
Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine;Mar/Apr2015, Vol. 21 Issue 2, p36
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Radiotherapy is a therapeutic modality frequently employed for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). It destroys tumor cells, but it is not selective, also affecting healthy tissues and producing adverse effects. One that stands out is oral mucositis because of the morbidity that it is capable of causing. This lesion is characterized by the presence of erythema, ulcerations, pain, opportunistic infections, and weight loss. These side effects can lead to serious situations that require the interruption of the antineoplastic treatment and can result in hospitalization and even death. The complex mechanisms linked to the pathogenesis of oral mucositis were recently established, and since then, the control of oxidative stress (OS) has been tied to the prevention and management of this disease. The authors have carried out a review of the literature about the use of antioxidant agents in the prevention and treatment of radiation-induced oral mucositis, using the PubMed database. This review has shown that the research on use of antioxidants (AOX) has proved insufficient to justify suggesting the products in treatment protocols. Results are promising, however, and AOX may represent a future alternative in the prevention and treatment of oral mucositis.
ACCESSION #
102493519

 

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