Molecular orientation of copper phthalocyanine thin films on different monolayers of fullerene on SiO2 or highly oriented pyrolytic graphite

Chenggong Wang; Xiaoliang Liu; Congcong Wang; Xumei Xu; Youzhen Li; Fangyan Xie; Yongli Gao
March 2015
Applied Physics Letters;3/23/2015, Vol. 106 Issue 12, p1
Academic Journal
The interface electronic structures of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) have been studied using ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy as different monolayers of C60 were inserted between CuPc and a SiO2 or highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) substrate. The results show that CuPc has standing up configuration with one monolayer of C60 insertion on SiO2 while lying down on HOPG, indicating that the insertion layer propagates the CuPc-substrate interaction. Meanwhile, CuPc on more than one monolayers of C60 on different substrates show that the substrate orientation effect quickly vanished. Our study elucidates intriguing molecular interactions that manipulate molecular orientation and donor-acceptor energy level alignment.


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