TITLE

Bilateral pleural effusion as an initial manifestation of multiple myeloma: A case report and literature review

AUTHOR(S)
AI-GUI JIANG; YU-TIAN YANG; XIAO-YAN GAO; HUI-YU LU
PUB. DATE
March 2015
SOURCE
Experimental & Therapeutic Medicine;2015, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p1040
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a rare type of malignant hematological neoplasm. Although primarily involving the bone marrow, MM has a significant risk of metastasizing to other organs and may present with various clinical symptoms. However, the involvement of the respiratory system in the course of MM is extremely uncommon, particularly presenting with bilateral pleural effusion as the sole initial manifestation, which may result in a delayed diagnosis of MM. The present study describes the extremely rare case of a patient with MM presenting with myelomatous pleural effusion (MPE). The 78-year-old patient was admitted to the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Taizhou People's Hospital (Taizhou, China) in March 2014, complaining of persistent dyspnea. Following admission, chest computed tomography scans revealed bilateral pleural effusion and a small amount of pericardial effusion, but no evident mass lesion. Thoracentesis was performed and the resulting pleural effusion was exudative and slightly bloody. In the following cytological examination, myeloma cells were identified in the pleural effusion. The patient was diagnosed definitively with MM following a histopathological study of the bone marrow aspiration. Therefore, the observations of the present case report may promote the consideration of MM in the differential diagnosis of patients with unexplained and refractory pleural effusion. The present study also reviewed the literature with regard to the association between MM and pleural effusion.
ACCESSION #
101730087

 

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