Unusually high critical current of clean P-doped BaFe2As2 single crystalline thin film

Kurth, F.; Tarantini, C.; Grinenko, V.; Hänisch, J.; Jaroszynski, J.; Reich, E.; Mori, Y.; Sakagami, A.; Kawaguchi, T.; Engelmann, J.; Schultz, L.; Holzapfel, B.; Ikuta, H.; Hühne, R.; Iida, K.
February 2015
Applied Physics Letters;2/16/2015, Vol. 106 Issue 8, p1
Academic Journal
Microstructurally clean, isovalently P-doped BaFe2As2 (Ba-122) single crystalline thin films have been prepared on MgO (001) substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. These films show a superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of over 30 K although P content is around 0.22, which is lower than the optimal one for single crystals (i.e., 0.33). The enhanced Tc at this doping level is attributed to the in-plane tensile strain. The strained film shows high transport self-field critical current densities (Jc) of over 6 MA/cm² at 4.2 K, which are among the highest for Fe based superconductors (FeSCs). In-field Jc exceeds 0.1 MA/cm² at μ0H = 35T for H||ab and μ0H = 18T for H||c at 4.2 K, respectively, in spite of moderate upper critical fields compared to other FeSCs with similar Tc. Structural investigations reveal no defects or misoriented grains pointing to strong pinning centers. We relate this unexpected high Jc to a strong enhancement of the vortex core energy at optimal Tc, driven by in-plane strain and doping. These unusually high Jc make P-doped Ba-122 very favorable for high-field magnet applications.


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