Comparison of polycaprolactone and starch/polycaprolactone blends as carbon source for biological denitrification

Shen, Z.; Hu, J.; Wang, J.; Zhou, Y.
April 2015
International Journal of Environmental Science & Technology (IJE;Apr2015, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p1235
Academic Journal
The cross-linked starch/polycaprolactone (SPCL10) and starch/polycaprolactone (SPCL12) blends were prepared, characterized and used as carbon source and biofilm support for biological nitrate removal. The results showed that SPCL10 and SPCL12 had similar performance on water absorption (about 21 %) and leaching capacity. FTIR spectra confirmed the cross-linking reaction between starch and PCL. SEM displayed a thermoplastic nature of SPCL10 and SPCL12. These blends could serve as solid carbon source and biofilm support for biological denitrification, and the acclimation time of microbial biofilm on the surfaces of SPCL10, SPCL12 and PCL were about 2 days, 2 days and 16 days, respectively. The average denitrification rates were 0.0216, 0.0154 and 0.0071 mg NO-N/(g h) for SPCL10, SPCL12 and PCL, respectively, and the effluent NO-N concentration was below 1 mg/L at all cases. The phenomenon of ammonia formation was observed, but ammonia concentration was below 0.5 mg/L.


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