TITLE

The pulmonary physician in critical care • 11: Critical care management of respiratory failure resulting from COPD

AUTHOR(S)
Davidson, A. C.
PUB. DATE
December 2002
SOURCE
Thorax;Dec2002, Vol. 57 Issue 12, p1079
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Survival to hospital discharge of patients suffering exacerbations of COPD is better than other medical causes for ICU admission. Although non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may prevent progression to tracheal intubation, its failure in most cases should lead to a period of controlled mechanical ventilation aiming for early extubation, possibly supported by NIV and tracheostomy if this fails. A greater understanding of the physiological principles behind ventilatory support of patients with COPD should reduce patient-ventilator disharmony and avoid the excessive use of sedation. The risk of nosocomial infection increases with the length of time the patient remains in the ICU and commonly further prolongs the period of ventilator dependency. Weaning centres with an emphasis on general rehabilitation may offer the best support for such individuals.
ACCESSION #
10082540

 

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