TITLE

International Migration from Non-endemic Settings as a Protective Factor for HIV/STI Risk Among Female Sex Workers in Vancouver, Canada

AUTHOR(S)
Goldenberg, Shira; Liu, Vivian; Nguyen, Paul; Chettiar, Jill; Shannon, Kate
PUB. DATE
February 2015
SOURCE
Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health;Feb2015, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p21
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Given heterogeneous evidence regarding the impacts of migration on HIV/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs), we explored factors associated with international migration among FSWs in Vancouver, Canada. We draw on baseline questionnaire and HIV/STI testing data from a community-based cohort, AESHA, from 2010-2012. Logistic regression identified correlates of international migration. Of 650 FSWs, 163 (25.1 %) were international migrants, who primarily worked in formal indoor establishments. HIV/STI prevalence was lower among migrants than Canadian-born women (5.5 vs. 25.9 %). In multivariate analysis, international migration was positively associated with completing high school, supporting dependents, and paying a third party, and negatively associated with HIV, injecting drugs and inconsistent condom use with clients. Although migrants experience lower workplace harms and HIV risk than Canadian-born women, they face concerning levels of violence, police harassment, and HIV/STIs. Research exploring structural and socio-cultural factors shaping risk mitigation and migrants' access to support remains needed.
ACCESSION #
100629944

 

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