TITLE

Thromboelastography Is a Suboptimal Test for Determination of the Underlying Cause of Bleeding Associated With Cardiopulmonary Bypass and May Not Predict a Hypercoagulable State

AUTHOR(S)
Welsh, Kerry J.; Padilla, Angelica; Dasgupta, Amitava; Nguyen, Andy N. D.; Wahed, Amer
PUB. DATE
October 2014
SOURCE
American Journal of Clinical Pathology;Oct2014, Vol. 142 Issue 4, p492
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objectives: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are at risk of bleeding. The goal of this investigation was to compare thromboelastography (TEG) with standard coagulation tests (prothrombin time [PT], partial thromboplastin time [PTT], fibrinogen, and D-dimer) in patients with active bleeding. Methods: A retrospective study of patients who underwent cardiac surgery with CPB was performed. A second analysis was performed to determine if a shortened TEGR time is associated with thrombosis. Results: Paired TEG and standard coagulation tests were available from 21 bleeding patients; of the 15 patients with normal TEG values and three with a shortened R time, all had abnormalities of standard coagulation tests. Eighteen of 67 patients who underwent surgery with CPB had an episode of postoperative bleeding. The TEG R time and coagulation index, PT, and PTT collected after CPB were associated with postoperative bleeding in the univariate analysis, but only PT was independently associated with postoperative bleeding in the multivariate analysis. In the second analysis, three of 38 patients with a normal TEG and four of 43 patients with a shortened R time had a thrombotic event during hospitalization (P = 1.00). Conclusions: TEG had limited utility in identifying the underlying cause of bleeding and was not predictive of postoperative bleeding associated with cardiac surgery compared with conventional coagulation tests. A shortened TEG R time may not represent a hypercoagulable state.
ACCESSION #
100585048

 

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