TITLE

Maternal Plasma and Amniotic Fluid Chemokines Screening in Fetal Down Syndrome

AUTHOR(S)
Laudanski, Piotr; Zbucka-Kretowska, Monika; Charkiewicz, Karol; Wolczynski, Slawomir; Wojcik, Daniela; Charkiewicz, Radoslaw
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
Mediators of Inflammation;2014, Vol. 2014, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective. Chemokines exert different inflammatory responses which can potentially be related to certain fetal chromosomal abnormalities. The aim of the study was to determine the concentration of selected chemokines in plasma and amniotic fluid of women with fetal Down syndrome. Method. Out of 171 amniocentesis, we had 7 patients with confirmed fetal Down syndrome (15th-18th weeks of gestation). For the purpose of our control, we chose 14 women without confirmed chromosomal aberration. To assess the concentration of chemokines in the blood plasma and amniotic fluid, we used a protein macroarray, which allows the simultaneous determination of 40 chemokines per sample. Results. We showed significant decrease in the concentration of 4 chemokines, HCC-4, IL-28A, IL-31, and MCP-2, and increase in the concentration of CXCL7 (NAP-2) in plasma of women with fetal Down syndrome. Furthermore, we showed decrease in concentration of 3 chemokines, ITAC,MCP-3, MIF, and increase in concentration of 4 chemokines, IP-10, MPIF-1, CXCL7, and 6 Ckine, in amniotic fluid of women with fetal Down syndrome. Conclusion. On the basis of our findings, our hypothesis is that the chemokines may play role in the pathogenesis of Down syndrome. Defining their potential as biochemical markers of Down syndrome requires further investigation on larger group of patients.
ACCESSION #
100487187

 

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