Growth of arrays of oriented epitaxial platinum nanoparticles with controlled size and shape by natural colloidal lithography

Komanicky, Vladimir; Barbour, Andi; Lackova, Miroslava; Zorko, Milena; Zhu, Chenhui; Pierce, Michael; You, Hoydoo
December 2014
Nanoscale Research Letters;Dec2014, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
We developed a method for production of arrays of platinum nanocrystals of controlled size and shape using templates from ordered silica bead monolayers. Silica beads with nominal sizes of 150 and 450 nm were self-assembled into monolayers over strontium titanate single crystal substrates. The monolayers were used as shadow masks for platinum metal deposition on the substrate using the three-step evaporation technique. Produced arrays of epitaxial platinum islands were transformed into nanocrystals by annealing in a quartz tube in nitrogen flow. The shape of particles is determined by the substrate crystallography, while the size of the particles and their spacing are controlled by the size of the silica beads in the monolayer mask. As a proof of concept, arrays of platinum nanocrystals of cubooctahedral shape were prepared on (100) strontium titanate substrates. The nanocrystal arrays were characterized by atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and synchrotron X-ray diffraction techniques.


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