TITLE

Review of Common Therapeutic Options in the United States for the Treatment of Pediculosis Capitis

AUTHOR(S)
Jones, Kimberly N.; English III, Joseph C.
PUB. DATE
June 2003
SOURCE
Clinical Infectious Diseases;6/1/2003, Vol. 36 Issue 11, p1355
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Numerous therapies are available in both over-the-counter and prescription formulations for the treatment of head lice infestation. We summarize treatment recommendations from published literature and from a recent meta-analysis from the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews that describe the efficacy, safety, and resistance patterns of monotherapies available in the United States. If treatment with pyrethrin or permethrin fails to eradicate the infestation, the treatment of choice is malathion. However, because of malathion's flammability, it should be a second-line therapy. Orally administered ivermectin has been reported to be efficacious, but it is not currently a US Food and Drug Administration-approved pediculicide. Alternative therapies are also discussed, in addition to indications for prophylaxis, resistance reporting, and the social impact of infestation.
ACCESSION #
10029915

 

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