Review of Common Therapeutic Options in the United States for the Treatment of Pediculosis Capitis

Jones, Kimberly N.; English III, Joseph C.
June 2003
Clinical Infectious Diseases;6/1/2003, Vol. 36 Issue 11, p1355
Academic Journal
Numerous therapies are available in both over-the-counter and prescription formulations for the treatment of head lice infestation. We summarize treatment recommendations from published literature and from a recent meta-analysis from the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews that describe the efficacy, safety, and resistance patterns of monotherapies available in the United States. If treatment with pyrethrin or permethrin fails to eradicate the infestation, the treatment of choice is malathion. However, because of malathion's flammability, it should be a second-line therapy. Orally administered ivermectin has been reported to be efficacious, but it is not currently a US Food and Drug Administration-approved pediculicide. Alternative therapies are also discussed, in addition to indications for prophylaxis, resistance reporting, and the social impact of infestation.


Related Articles

  • More on alternative ways to manage head lice.  // Child Health Alert;Feb98, Vol. 16, p5 

    Focuses on the report in the January 1998 issue of `Child Health Alert' which deals with the use of petroleum jelly in managing cases of head lice that do not respond to traditional treatments. Reasons why petroleum jelly is not convenient; Other suggested treatments.

  • Permethrin Treatment of Head Lice with Knockdown Resistance�like Gene. Bialek, Ralf; Zelck, Ulrike E.; F�lster-Holst, Regina // New England Journal of Medicine;1/27/2011, Vol. 364 Issue 4, p386 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to an article on the study of oral ivermectin for the treatment of pediculosis capitis by the improving resistance of head lice to pyrethroids by O. Chosidow in the March 11, 2010 issue.

  • Another way to manage head lice?  // Child Health Alert;Dec97, Vol. 15, p2 

    Focuses on the treatment of head lice. Suggestion of physicians to use petroleum jelly as an effective alternative treatment; Steps on applying petroleum jelly; How petroleum jelly works in eliminating head lice.

  • Ivermectin dosage reconsidered in battle against lice. Bowser, Andrew // Dermatology Times;Feb2001, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p21 

    Discusses the implications of the re-release of malathion for head lice along with a recommended dosage, efficacy and safety issues with ivermectin for the treatment of infestations. Dosage advocated by dermatologist Ira A. Pion for treating head lice and scabies; Resistance to ivermectin in...

  • Single blind, randomised, comparative study of the Bug Buster kit and over the counter pediculicide treatments against head lice in the United Kingdom. Hill, N.; Moor, G.; Cameron, M.M.; Butlin, A.; Preston, S.; Williamson, M.S.; Bass, C. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);8/13/2005, Vol. 331 Issue 7513, p384 

    Objective To compare the effectiveness of the Bug Buster kit with a single treatment of over the counter pediculicides for eliminating head lice. Design Single blind, multicentre, randomised, comparative clinical study. Setting Four counties in England and one county in Scotland. Participants...

  • A Better Way To Treat Head Lice?  // Child Health Alert;Oct2004, Vol. 22, p1 

    Reports on a new way of treating head lice. Standard approach to treating lice; Effect of Nuvo lotion on the lice; Cure rate of the lotion.

  • PESQUISA, TRATAMIENTO Y RESISTENCIA EN PEDICULOSIS CAPITIS EN COMUNA DE LA REGION METROPOLITANA, SANTIAGO, CHILE. Muñoz F., Víctor; Esquivel C., Patricia; Escalona U., Marcela; Jiusán L., Lorena // Revista Chilena de Tecnología Médica;2008, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p1454 

    By the medical importance that has, the most important ectoparasites is the human pediculosis variety capitis, that could be defined as the infestation of the head by lice. Given the high prevalence of pediculosis, coverall in the paediatric population, is vital knowing the characteristic...

  • Dermatologists headed for 'lousy' problem. Hilton, Lisette // Dermatology Times;Nov2001, Vol. 22 Issue 11, p19 

    Provides information on the treatment of head lice in the United States. Usage of topical malathion; Adoption of oral/topical ivermectin; Resistance to over-the-counter remedies.

  • Treatment of Head Lice: Therapeutic Options. Zepf, Bill // American Family Physician;2/1/2004, Vol. 69 Issue 3, p655 

    Discusses the study "Review of Common Therapeutic Options in the United States for the Treatment of Pediculosis capitis," by K.N. Jones and J.C. English, from the June 1, 2003 issue of the journal "Clinical Infectious Diseases."


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics