Sonar Image Segmentation Based on an Improved Selection of Initial Contour of Active Contour Model

Wu Junpeng; Guo Haitao
November 2014
Applied Mechanics & Materials;2014, Vol. 709, p447
Academic Journal
The correct sonar image segmentation is an important foundation for underwater target recognition. Because the contour convergence of the active contour model depends on the selection of initial position, the active contour model is applied in sonar image segmentation. This paper proposed a selection method based on local standard deviation of image as the outline of initial contour. Due to the disturbance of noise, sonar image is usually affected in resolution and contrast. Firstly, sonar image is enhanced by top-hat and bottom-hat transformation in image morphology. Then after image enhancement, a suitable threshold value is chose for rough binarization and the standard deviation of target areas to calculate the local image. According to the size of standard deviation of different regions to determine the scope of the initial contour, sonar image segmentation is achieved by active contour algorithm.


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