TITLE

Comparative Validation of the S-STS, the ISST-Plus, and the C–SSRS for Assessing the Suicidal Thinking and Behavior FDA 2012 Suicidality Categories

AUTHOR(S)
SHEEHAN, DAVID V.; ALPHS, LARRY D.; LIAN MAO; QIN LI; MAY, ROBERTA S.; BRUER, EMILY H.; MCCULLUMSMITH, CHERYL B.; GRAY, CHRISTOPHER R.; XIAOHUA LI; WILLIAMSON, DAVID J.
PUB. DATE
September 2014
SOURCE
Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience;Sep/Oct2014, Vol. 11 Issue 9/10, p32
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: This exploratory study examines the concurrent validity for mapping symptoms of suicidal ideation, self-harm, and suicidal behavior as recorded on the InterSePT Scale for Suicidal Thinking- Plus, the Sheehan-Suicidality Tracking Scale (clinician- and patient-rated and reconciled patient/clinician versions), and the Columbia–Suicide Severity Rating Scale to the 11 United States Food and Drug Administration- Classification Algorithm of Suicide Assessment (September 2012) categories. Method: Forty subjects with varying degrees of suicidal ideation and behavior severity (from not present to extremely severe) were recruited from inpatient, outpatient, and emergency room settings. Each patient was interviewed using all three scales (InterSePT Scale for Suicidal Thinking-Plus, the Sheehan-Suicidality Tracking Scale, and the Columbia–Suicide Severity Rating Scale) on the same day. The scales were administered in a random sequence by three independent raters who were blind to the ratings on the other scales. Results: The Sheehan-Suicidality Tracking Scale and the InterSePT Scale for Suicidal Thinking-Plus show acceptable agreement with the Columbia–Suicide Severity Rating Scale in detecting the presence or absence of the 2012 Food and Drug Administration-Classification Algorithm of Suicide Assessment categories 1, 5, 6, 10, and 11 (passive ideation; active ideation with method, intent, and plan; completed suicide; preparatory actions; and self-injurious behavior) but not of categories 2, 3, and 4 (3 other active suicidal ideation combination categories) or to 8 and 9 (aborted and interrupted attempt). Despite the significant disagreement between the Columbia–Suicide Severity Rating Scale on the one side and the InterSePT Scale for Suicidal Thinking-Plus and the Sheehan- Suicidality Tracking Scale on the other in the ability to accurately map to the 2012 Food and Drug Administration- Classification Algorithm of Suicide Assessment categories on some items, there was close agreement between the InterSePT Scale for Suicidal Thinking-Plus and the Sheehan- Suicidality Tracking Scale on these categories. Conclusion: The results of this exploratory study invite discussion and debate about the validity of the Columbia–Suicide Severity Rating Scale and its ability to accurately assess key active suicidal ideation categories, since it disagrees so much with the other two standardized scales that agree so closely with each other.
ACCESSION #
100082719

 

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