Ethical issues regarding fertility preservation for women

Behnammanesh, S.; Omani Samani, R.
June 2014
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p130
Academic Journal
Fertility preservation consists of a set of methods maintaining current ability of people for fertility helps them to have a genetic child in future. Nowadays, these techniques have been welcomed widely as far as they can be divided in to two groups named as medical and social. In the first one, patients due to disease or treatment-related complications may lose their fertility. While, the latter despite health are seeking fertility preservation, because they want pausing their ability to having children in to the future for social and personal reason. Since these methods have been considered invasive for body, many questions and criticisms have been raised about its use for patients and healthy women willing to use them just because of aging. In this descriptive-analytic study, ethical issues were retrieved from books, papers, international guidelines, thesis, declarations and instructions, and even some weekly journals using keywords related to fertility preservation, Embryo cryopreservation, Oocyte cryopreservation, women's reproductive autonomy. At present, application of these procedures approved in cases of medical necessities and it has been considered consistent with beneficence principle which is the most important principle of medical ethics. Regarding social issues despite theobjectionsconsidering them contrary tothe Nonmaleficence principle, many feminists and scholars believe to women's reproductive autonomy, have assigned them ethical provided observation of some conditions.


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