Relationship between prenatal attachment and duration of exclusive breast feeding in primiparous women

Tafazoli, M.; Muntakhabasadi, M.; Aminyazdi, S. A.; Shakeri, M. T.
June 2014
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p125
Academic Journal
Introduction: Breastfed is complete and ideal food for infants during infancy. Maximize the benefits of breastfeeding can be achieved when the infant is exclusively breastfed. Several factors affect on ability and willingness of women on exclusively breastfeeding performance. Despite promotional programs, in our countries rates of exclusive breastfeeding in the last few years has been downward. Thus, this study was conducted. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive-correlational study which was conducted on 100 primiparous women who referred to selected health centers in Mashhad. Data were collected by maternal-fetal attachment questionnaire, infant feeding daily record form and demographic, pregnancy and postpartum questionnaires. This method is that primiparous with gestational age 35-41 weeks were completed Cranly attachment questionnaire and infant feeding daily record form during 8 weeks after childbirth provided them until completed during postpartum period. Finally In the 4 and 8 weeks after childbirth, forms have been collected and data were analyzed. Software SPSS v. 16, was used for data statistical analysis. Results: This study showed that there is a direct and significant statistical relationship between maternal-fetal attachment and duration of exclusive breast feeding during 4 and 8 weeks after childbirth. This means that the mother - fetus attachment is greater the duration of exclusive breast feeding during the first 8 weeks after birth is also higher. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, maternal-fetal attachment is an important factor affecting the exclusive breast feeding. It is recommended that the mother's mental health programs and training courses to promote exclusive breast feeding should be considered.


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