TITLE

Effects of vitamins B6, B12 and C in pregnancy

AUTHOR(S)
Shokrani, S.
PUB. DATE
June 2014
SOURCE
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p124
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Abstract
ABSTRACT
Introduction: The water-soluble vitamins B6, B12 and C play important roles in maternal health as well as fetal development and physiology during gestation. This systematic review evaluates the risks and benefits of interventions with vitamins B6, B12 and C during pregnancy on maternal, neonatal and child health. Materials and Methods: Relevant publications were identified by searching PubMed and Web of Science databases. Results:Supplementation with vitamin B6 during pregnancy may reduce symptoms of nausea and vomiting, improve dental health, treat some cases of maternal anaemia, and reduce the incidence of some congenital abnormalities, though additional research is needed to confirm these results. In meta-analysis vitamin B6 supplementation had a significant positive effect on birthweight. Conclusion: Interventions with vitamin C alone or combined with vitamin E did not systematically reduce the incidence of pre-eclampsia, premature rupture of membranes, or other adverse pregnancy outcomes. In meta-analyses, vitamins C and E increased the risk of pregnancy-related hypertension.Other effects of vitamin C or C and E intervention on maternal and neonatal outcomes, including preterm birth, birthweight, and perinatal morbidity and mortality, were not significant. Deficiency of vitamin B12 is highly prevalent in women of reproductive age, especially amongst populations with limited intake of animal source foods. To determine whether improvement of maternal status reduces the incidence of NTDs in the offspring, increases breast milk vitamin B12 content during lactation, and improves infant vitamin B12 status, RCTs with vitamin B12 supplementation during the periconceptual period and pregnancy are necessary.
ACCESSION #
96841796

 

Related Articles

  • Learning About Baby: What New Mothers Would Like to Know. Barnes, Margaret; Pratt, Jan; Finlayson, Kathleen; Courtney, Mary; Pitt, Barbara; Knight, Cheryl // Journal of Perinatal Education;Summer2008, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p33 

    As part of a larger research project to evaluate a new model of care for first-time mothers in a community health-care setting, this study aimed to identify the preparation and information needs of first-time mothers. All first-time mothers attending a selection of community child health centers...

  • The Experience of Perinatal Care at a Birthing Center: A Qualitative Pilot Study. Pewitt, Amber T. // Journal of Perinatal Education;Summer2008, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p42 

    The purpose of this qualitative descriptive pilot study was to describe women's experiences of care and satisfaction at a freestanding birth center. Data were collected through semistructured interviews with seven women who had given birth within 12 months of participant selection. Using...

  • Research Summaries for Normal Birth. Romano, Amy M.; Goer, Henci // Journal of Perinatal Education;Summer2008, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p55 

    In this column, the authors summarize four research studies relevant to normal birth. Topics of the studies summarized include the harms of screening for macrosomia late in pregnancy, the risk factors for and impact of postpartum pain in childbearing women, the effects of a breastfeeding...

  • prenatal care.  // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary;2005, p1763 

    A definition of the term "prenatal care" is presented. It refers to the regular monitoring and management of the health status of the pregnant woman and her fetus during the period of gestation. It helps patients gain access to resources available for preparation for childbirth, breastfeeding,...

  • Breast feeding in Scotland. Ferguson, Allison E.; Tappin, David M.; Girdwood, Robert W.A.; Kennedy, Robert; Cockburn, Forrester // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);3/26/94, Vol. 308 Issue 6932, p824 

    Determines the measurement on the prevalence of breast feeding and value of using information collected on Guthrie cards in Scotland. Analysis of the information collected; Measurement on the prevalence of breast feeding in the maternity units; Essence of government intervention to increase...

  • Inconsistent advice and practice: part 3. Simmons, Valerie // British Journal of Midwifery;Sep2003, Vol. 11 Issue 9, p564 

    Discusses the provision of effective communication and support to breastfeeding mothers in Great Britain. Promotion of breastfeeding; Promotion of breastfeeding education; Provision of information on the physiological processes of breastfeeding. INSET: KEY POINTS.

  • Lamaze Signs FDA Pregnancy Labeling Letter.  // GENESIS;2008, Issue 3, p8 

    The article reports that Lamaze International has signed a letter that acknowledges the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for supporting the rule for pregnancy and lactation labeling. The primary purpose of the letter is to strengthen Lamaze's mission which is to advocate for the health of...

  • Factors Associated with Intention to Breastfeed Among Low-Income, Inner-City Pregnant Women. Lee, Helen J.; Rubio, Margarita R.; Elo, Irma T.; McCollum, Kelly F.; Chung, Esther K.; Culhane, Jennifer F. // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Sep2005, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p253 

    Objectives: To examine the relationship between sociodemographic factors, maternal characteristics, and intention to breastfeed among low-income, inner-city pregnant women. Methods: English and Spanish speaking low-income women recruited from local Philadelphia health centers were surveyed at...

  • Do Maternal Quality of Life and Breastfeeding Difficulties Influence the Continuation of Exclusive Breastfeeding? Mortazavi, Forough; Mousavi, Seyed Abbas; Chaman, Reza; Khosravi, Ahmad // International Journal of Pediatrics;2014, p1 

    Objectives. This study was conducted to determine whether maternal quality of life (QOL) and breastfeeding difficulties influence the continuation of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). Methods. In a survey, 358 consecutive pregnant women filled out a quality of life questionnaire in the third...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics