Is maternal age related to pregnancy complications?

Khoigani, M. Goodarzi
June 2014
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p123
Academic Journal
Introduction: Considering maternal age increasing during pregnancy in compare to ago, we evaluated the relationship between maternal age and pregnancy outcomes. Materials and Methods: Data from a prospective cohort study in which pregnant women who had no parameters to affect pregnancy outcome (36 parameters), were analysed. They were monitored until the end of pregnancy. Pregnancy outcome variables including preeclampsia, gestational age, PPROM, method of child birth, birth weight, birth height, and head circumference were determined by hospital records. Independent T-test and Pearson correlation was used. Results: The minimum, maximum, and mean values of maternal age at the begining of pregnancy were 16, 39, and 25.65±4.32 years old, respectively. Among 700 pregnant women, 4.47% of them got to preeclampsia, 2.85% to PPROM, 7.37% to preterm birth respectively. The mean birth weight, height, and head circumference were 3161.51±437.01 gr, 49.53±2.30 cm, and 34.80±1.88 cm orderly. Method of child birth in 59.39% of mothers was cesarean section. Conclusion: Age wasn't significantly related with preeclampsia (p=0.331), PPROM (p=0.816), birth weight (p=0.14, r=0.06), and head circumference (p=0.41, r=0.03). But pregnant women who were older had taller neonates (p=0.024, r=0.09), more cesarean section (p=0.04), preterm birth (p=0.005, r=-0.126).


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