Ultrasonogrphic findings of 500 infertile men with small testes

A. Vosough Taghi Dizaj; Gilani, M. Sedighi; Akhbari, F.
June 2014
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p111
Academic Journal
Introduction: The objective of this study is to assess the frequency of microlithiasis, tumor, heterogen echogen texture and cyst in infertile men with small testes who underwent ultrasound compared with fertile group with small testes. Materials and Methods: Ultrasonography is the primary imaging modality for evaluation of the scrotum. B-mode imaging combined with duplex Doppler interrogation provides valuable information in assessment of the male infertility. Scrotal ultrasound is useful in the evaluation of the testicles and extratesticular scrotal structures (i.e., epididymis, peritesticular veins, and spermatic cord). Result: We reviewed our experience of ultrasound findings in 500 patients presented at Royan institute from 2009-2013 with infertility. There were 2 groups, group A: general fertile population and Group B: infertile men with small testis. Ultrasound evaluation was done. In group B, Incidence of microlithiasis, tumor, heterogen echogen texture or cyst were more common than group A. Conclusion: Andrologist (male infertility treatment specialist) must consider the fact that, when patient with small testis and aforementioned ultrasound findings is presented, further sonographic evaluation is needed.


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