Air pollution effects on pregnant women and newborns' health

Tolouei, F.; Safarpoor, D.
June 2014
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p81
Academic Journal
Pregnant women are one of the susceptible groups for hypertensive disorders, since changes in pregnancy lead to increased stress on the cardiovascular system and finally result in pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia. Several studies on pregnant women have shown higher risks of pregnancy-induced hypertension and preeclampsia following exposure to air pollution. So that pregnant women exposed to particulate matter (PM10) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) levels during pregnancy, experience significant higher systolic blood pressure throughout pregnancy. On the other hand, prenatal and post-natal studies conducted in infants of population-based cohort study implicate the adverse effect of air pollution on normal function of respiratory system, lung volume, and inflammation of respiratory pathways and sleep quality of 5-week-old infants.


Related Articles

  • A study protocol to evaluate the relationship between outdoor air pollution and pregnancy outcomes. Ribeiro, Manuel C.; Pereira, Maria J.; Soares, Amílcar; Branquinho, Cristina; Augusto, Sofia; Llop, Esteve; Fonseca, Susana; Nave, Joaquim G.; Tavares, António B.; Dias, Carlos M.; Silva, Ana; Selemane, Ismael; de Toro, Joaquin; Santos, Mário J.; Santos, Fernanda // BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p613 

    Background: The present study protocol is designed to assess the relationship between outdoor air pollution and low birth weight and preterm births outcomes performing a semi-ecological analysis. Semi-ecological design studies are widely used to assess effects of air pollution in humans. In this...

  • University of Georgia Scientist to Study Effect of Air Quality on Unborn Babies.  // Ascribe Newswire: Medicine;9/23/2003, p5 

    From various studies, scientists suspect a relationship between exposure to air pollution and health problems like preterm births, low birth weights, poor fetal development and mortality. Scientists know the air pollution in large cities can aggravate or cause health problems in children and...

  • Polluting The Future. CHAMBERLAIN, GARY // America;11/19/2012, Vol. 207 Issue 15, p12 

    The article discusses the environmental factors that adversely affect the health of women and developing children. A recent study found that women in the U.S. had at least 43 chemicals in their bloodstreams, which even includes cancer-causing agents like flame retardants, pesticides and...

  • Good News: Caffeine In Pregnancy Doesn't Affect The Baby's Growth….  // Child Health Alert;Mar2007, Vol. 25, p5 

    The article argues that the growth of babies during pregnancy are not affected by caffeine intake. In Denmark, a study was administered, which involved more than 1,200 pregnant women who drink everyday at least 3 cups of coffee. The women were instructed to drink either coffee with caffeine or...

  • American Thoracic Society Intl Conference: Vitamin C improves lung function in newborns of pregnant smoking women.  // Biomedical Market Newsletter;6/1/2012, Vol. 21, p1 

    The article offers information on a study which revealed that the lung function of newborns of pregnant smoking women can be improved by daily intake of Vitamin C.

  • PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LINKED TO GOOD PREGNANCY OUTCOME. White, Kristin // Journal of Women's Health & Gender-Based Medicine;May99, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p439 

    The article focuses on a study which linked physical activity to good pregnancy outcome. Sustained aerobic exercise during pregnancy significantly reduces the risk of miscarriage, according to a new study by Mary Latka, Jeanne Klein, and Maureen Hatch, of the School of Public Health at Columbia...

  • Preconception Care and its Importance for the Health of Mother, Fetus, and Newborn in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in Years 2009-2012. Yazdi, Zahra Aghasi; Ahmadian, Mohammad; Ahadi, Mina; Mehr, Azam Behzad // Iranian Journal of Neonatology;2014, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p5 

    Introduction: Preconception care is an integral part of healthcare services for women, in which the existing risks for pregnancy are evaluated. This study aimed to determine the frequency of preconception care and its importance for the health of mother, fetus, and newborn in years 2009-2012....

  • Cord blood α-fetoprotein concentrations in term newborns of smoking mothers. Beratis, N. G.; Varvarigou, A.; Christophidou, M.; Vassilakos, P.; Tsapanos, V.; Kourounis, G. // European Journal of Pediatrics;1999, Vol. 158 Issue 7, p583 

    Abstract To investigate the toxic effect of tobacco smoke on the fetus, we measured in cord blood the concentrations of Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), the principal serum protein in early ontogenic development, and erythropoietin (EPO), as an index of chronic fetal hypoxia. A total of 103...

  • Maternal smoking increases risk of placental abruption.  // Contemporary OB/GYN;Sep2007 Special Issue, Vol. 52, p7 

    The article discusses research being done on the influence of maternal smoking on placental abruption in successive pregnancies. It references a study by Cande V. Ananth and Sven Cnattingius published in the August 2007 issue of the "American Journal of Epidemiology." It cites the findings that...

  • Drug misuse in pregnancy: losing sight of the baby? McGlone, L.; Mactier, H.; Weaver, L. T. // Archives of Disease in Childhood -- Fetal & Neonatal Edition;Sep2009, Vol. 94 Issue 9, p24 

    Maternal drug misuse can seriously affect the health of the fetus and newborn infant. The association of maternal drug misuse with prematurity, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is well recognised, and there is growing concern about infant visual...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics