A comparative Study of relationship between micronutrients and gestational diabetes

Bagheri, S. M.; Akhlaghi, F.; Rajabi, O.
June 2014
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p77
Academic Journal
Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic disorder in pregnancy that is characterized by increased insulin resistance and/or decreased insulin secretion. Although the etiology of GDM is not completely understood, it is thought that GDM may be due to a non-immune dysfunction of pancreatic p cells. In this paper, we studied the relation between the micronutrient and gestational diabetes. Materials and Methods: Therefore, we measured micronutrient concentration including Ni, Al, Cr, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, and Se in serum of women with gestational diabetes between 24 and 28 weeks of gestational age (study group) who had inclusion criteria and comparison with micronutrient levels in normal pregnant women with same gestational age (control group). Results: Our results showed that there was no significant difference between the serum micronutrient level (Ni, Al, Cr, Mg, Zn, Cu, Se) in study and control groups except serum level of iron which in serum of gestational diabetic women was lower than normal pregnant women and difference was significant. Conclusion: Advanced age, high BMI and waist, and familial history of diabetes had significant differences between study and control groups. Relation between micronutrients including Ni, Al, Cr, Mg, Zn, Cu, Se, and gestational diabetes had not significant differences in two groups, except iron level which in serum of gestational diabetic group was lower than normal group and difference was significant.


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