Comparison of follicular fluid and MEM in maturation and fertilization of immature mouse oocyte

Abbaszadeh, H.; Khoramgah, M.; Nourozian, M.; Sadeghi, Y.; Keramatinia, A.; Hoseini, A.
June 2014
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p43
Academic Journal
Introduction: Induction of in vitro maturation and development of immature oocyte is one of the methods that has been frequently used recently in artificial reproduction techniques and has drawn attention of many investigators. This method is useful especially in women who are affected by cancer and polycystic ovary syndrome. Despite using many types of in vitro media, an appropriate environment has not been reported yet. Present study has been designed to assess the effect of heated human follicular fluid (hHFF), which is similar to in vivo environment for oocyte, on the maturation and fertilization potential of mouse immature oocytes. Materials and Methods: Healthy female mice were sacrificed via cervical dislocation. Immature oocytes were placed in an incubator for 24 hours. Then, the stages of oocyte maturation were assessed by invert microscope and mature oocytes in each group were transferred to sperm-contained drops. After 24 hr, rate of two-cell embryos was recorded using invert microscope. Data was analyzed by Chi square test. Results: Maturation rate of oocytes in the second group (83.7%) was significantly higher than first (59.8%) and third (67.3%) groups (p<0.0005). The formation rate of two-cell embryo in the second group (83.1%) was higher than first (47.2%) and third (54/3%) groups (p<0.002 and p<0.01, respectively). Conclusion: It seems hHFF could improve in vitro maturation and fertility potential of immature oocytes and consequently the formation rate of two-cell embryos in mice.


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