Prevalence of varicocele among primary and secondary infertile men in Babol: occupation, smoking, and drinking alcohol associated with varicocele

Delavar, M.; Hosseinpour Haydari, F.; Esmaeilzadeh, S.; Shafi, H.; AbediFiroozjai, S.; Mahdinezhad Gorji, N.; Gholizade Pasha, N.
June 2014
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p41
Academic Journal
Introduction: Existing data suggest that varicocele plays a central role in progressive infertility. Accordingly, it is important to elucidate both occupation and lifestyle factors to the development of varicocele among male infertile so as to prevent and manage the varicocele in a much better way. Materials and Methods: Data of all males who consulted for infertility at Fatemezahra Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center from April. 2010 to Feb. 2011 were examined. Male's occupation, smoking, and drinking alcohol, presence or absence of varicocele were evaluated. Thus lifestyle factors associated with varicocele were analyzed. Results: The data of 816 men, aged 21-71 years, were in clouded in the study. There were 261men (32%) with varicocele and 555 (68) men without varicocele. Percentage of varicocele was higher in smoker compare with non-smoker male (p=0.035). The adjusted OR for varicocele in smoker men was significantly higher than in non-smoker (OR=2.420; 95% CI=1.04, 5.61). No significant associations were found between varicocele and occupation's men or alcohol drinking. Conclusion: The findings of the present study indicated that a high frequency of varicocele was indentified among male infertile. Therefore, it is necessary to allow ever men with smoking cigarette more closely to evaluate their fertility and varicocele problem.


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