Ultrastructure of in vitro matured human oocytes

Shahedi, A.; Khalili, M. A.; Soleimani, M.; Morshedizad, S.
June 2014
Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine;Jun2014 Supplement, Vol. 12, p29
Academic Journal
Introduction: Approximately 20% of recovered oocytes are immature and discarded in intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedures. These oocytes represent a potential resource for both clinical and basic science application. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ultrastructure architecture of in vitro matured human oocytes using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Materials and Methods: A total of 204 immature oocytes from infertile patients who underwent ICSI cycles were included in this prospective study. Immature oocytes were divided into two groups: (I) GV oocytes (n=101); and (II) MI oocytes (n=103). Supernumerary fresh in vivo matured oocytes (n=10) were used as control. Results: The rates of maturations were 61.38% for GV and 73.78% for MI oocytes in IVM medium (p=0.07). However, the rate of oocyte arrest was significant between groups (p<0.05). Ultrastructurally; in vitro and in vivo matured oocytes appeared round, with a homogeneous cytoplasm, an intact oolemma and an intact zona pellucida. However, immature oocytes indicated numerous large mitochondria-vesicle complexes (M-VC). Conclusion: Ultrastructural changes of M-VC in IVM groups emphasize the need for further research in order to refine culture conditions and improve the implantation rate of in-vitro matured oocytes.


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