TITLE

Chronic stress promotes risk loving behavior in young adults

AUTHOR(S)
Ceccato, Smarandita; Kudielka, Brigitte M.; Schwieren, Christiane
PUB. DATE
January 2014
SOURCE
NeuroPsychoEconomics Conference Proceedings;2014, p41
SOURCE TYPE
Conference Proceeding
DOC. TYPE
Abstract
ABSTRACT
Chronic stress, the consequence of prolonged exposure to one or multiple stressors, is a public health problem that affects a significant part of the population. While the bodily "wear-and-tear" caused by chronic stress is under thorough investigation, its cognitive effects, especially those affecting decision making processes, have not been systematically investigated. This preliminary study examines if chronic stress influences economic decision making under risk. We expect to find behavioural differences between chronically stressed and nonchronically stressed individuals, as chronic stress is known to affect neurological structures involved in learning, memory and decision making. To our knowledge, we are the first to investigate this relation. 213 young adults (< 33 years old) performed a task investigating decision making under risk through financially incentivized lotteries (without feedback) and responded to the Trier Inventory of Chronic Stress (TICS). The risk task includes a wide range of probability distributions and payoffs, offering the possibility to examine financial risk attitudes. We used the exam period of the winter semester as a "natural" chronic stress treatment. Parametric variation of chronic stress period (pre-stress group and stress group) and number of observations (repeated observations, i.e., pre-stress and stress period, and single observations, i.e., one of the two periods) allowed us to directly compare risk taking behaviour in various chronic stress clusters. We uncovered a significant, positive correlation between chronic stress and risk taking. This relation is further emphasized by group comparisons, as individuals that report higher specific chronic stress take significantly more risk than those reporting lower stress levels. The results show that chronic stress might be affecting economic decision making under risk. Further research with respect to generalizability and uncovering the underlying mechanisms is necessar
ACCESSION #
96358118

 

Related Articles

  • Gender Traits and Cognitive Appraisal in Young Adults: The Mediating Role of Locus of Control. Sarrasin, Oriane; Mayor, Eric; Faniko, Klea // Sex Roles;Feb2014, Vol. 70 Issue 3-4, p122 

    The present study examined the relationships between masculine and feminine traits, measured using the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), and the way young adults appraise events (i.e., as threats or as challenges). We hypothesized that the locus of control (LOC)-i.e., individuals' perceived control...

  • Cyberbullying and self-esteem in Australian adults. Brack, Kerryn; Caltabiano, Nerina // Cyberpsychology;2014, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p12 

    Cyberbullying research is currently focused on identifying personal factors which increase the risk of an individual being involved in the behaviour. Recent findings indicate that within the web of cyberbullying culture a large group of individuals are both cyberbullies and victims. This group...

  • ALGILANAN ANA-BABA DAVRANIÅžLARI Ä°LE ÇOCUK YETÄ°ÅžTÄ°RME TUTUMLARI ARASINDAKÄ° Ä°LÄ°ÅžKÄ°.  // e-Journal of New World Sciences Academy (NWSA);2011, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p717 

    No abstract available.

  • Adaptive versus maladaptive emotional tension. Rotenberg, Vadim S.; Boucsein, Wolfram // Genetic, Social & General Psychology Monographs;May93, Vol. 119 Issue 2, p209 

    Examines the psychophysiological outcomes of adaptive versus maladaptive emotional tension with respect to opposite forms of behavior that have an opposite outcome on body resistance and performance. Theoretical approaches to different forms of emotional tension; Divergent forms of emotional...

  • Some Great Ways to Ruin Your Day.  // USA Today Magazine;Dec89, Vol. 118 Issue 2535, p3 

    Offers some advice on how to add stressful tension to a usual day in work.

  • Adults should be adults for youth.  // Confederated Umatilla Journal;Apr2010, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p4 

    The article reports on the effects of not giving guidance to young people by adults which include dealing with negative consequences, a tendency to backfire, and involvement on drugs, alcoholism, and gangs.

  • Daily Quote.  // WWD: Women's Wear Daily;4/7/2010, Vol. 199 Issue 73, p2 

    The article presents a quote from John Zogby, president and chief executive officer (CEO) of Zogby International Inc. on aspirations of young adults.

  • Young Adult Learning Center. YISRAEL, SEAN // Washington Informer;8/18/2016, Vol. 51 Issue 45, pBS-9 

    The article offers information on the programs and services of the Maya Angelou Young Adult Learning Center (YALC) aime to enhance the academic and professional life of young adults through education.

  • Stress Coping for Elementary School Children: A Case for Including Lifestyle. Gilbert, Jenelle N.; Morawski, Cynthia // Journal of Individual Psychology;Winter2005, Vol. 61 Issue 4, p314 

    In view of the pivotal role that individuals assign to their lifestyles, stress control programs may benefit from addressing the participant's lifestyle as part of their instructional plans. The purpose of this article is to discuss the application of Individual Psychology and the concept of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics