Evaluation of a Novel Ski and Snowboard Injury Prevention Program

Cusimano, Michael David; Luong, Wilson Polung; Faress, Ahmed; Leroux, Timothy
April 2011
UBC Medical Journal;Apr2011, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p72
Academic Journal
Background: Skiing and snowboarding are enjoyed by millions, however, 4-8 injuries per 1000 skier-days occur. Many of these injuries occur in novices and children as a result of poor decisions and behavior, and so are preventable. The effectiveness of a video, A Little Respect: ThinkFirst! in educating the target population about safety and in preventing injuries was evaluated. Methods: Pre-test/post-test analyses and a four-day observation of behaviors and injuries were documented. Sixty-nine Grade 7 students (ages 11-12) were randomized into control (n=34) and intervention (n=35) groups. Both groups completed a pre-test and post-test safety questionnaire. However, only the intervention group participated in the injury prevention program A Little Respect: ThinkFirst! prior to the post-test survey. Results: The intervention group had twice the improvement in knowledge than the control group (gain scores 3.06 ± 2.85 versus 1.47 ± 3.24; p = 0.035). Conclusions: An educational video aimed at youth skiers and snowboarders was effective in improving knowledge of skiing and snowboarding safety. Large scale multisite studies with multiple interventions would be necessary to determine if injuries can be prevented.


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